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Digitizing Early Farming Cultures (DEFC)
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acdh:createdBy
sstuhec
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public 2542
acdh:hasAvailableDate
2022-07-19
acdh:hasBinarySize
0 KB
acdh:hasContact
acdh:hasContributor
acdh:hasCoverageEndDate
-1900-12-31
acdh:hasCoverageStartDate
-10200-01-01
acdh:hasCreatedEndDate
2017-10-31
acdh:hasCreatedStartDate
2014-11-01
acdh:hasCreator
acdh:hasCurator
acdh:hasCustomCitation
author = {Aspöck, Edeltraud and Štuhec, Seta and Andorfer, Peter and Masur, Anja and Zaytseva, Ksenia}
acdh:hasDepositor
acdh:hasDescription
The Digitizing Early Farming Cultures (DEFC) collection includes data gathered within the identically named project that ran between 2014 and 2017 at the former Institute for Oriental and European Archaeology (OREA) in close collaboration with the Austrian Centre for Digital Humanities and Cultural Heritage (ACDH-CH) at the Austrian Academy of Sciences (ÖAW).

The project focused on data about Neolithic sites and finds from Greece and Anatolia, most resulting from projects of the Aegean Anatolian Prehistoric Phenomena (AAPP) research group (at OREA). The aim of the project was to enable research across the whole region and to overcome the issue of fragmentation of knowledge through differing terminology, chronologies, and typologies whilst complying with standards of data interoperability and data sharing. To achieve this, an online Django-based database was created – the DEFC App. The DEFC collection in ARCHE contains data of the DEFC app (an SQL database dump, 3D models with provenance metadata, CIDOC CRM mappings, maps and chronological tables, the project thesaurus and the bibliography) as well as DEFC project documentation (workflow description and reports).

The SQL database includes data from the following publications (data entry in 2016 and 2017 by M. Brzakovic, Th. Rinner, D. Bochatz, Sh. Schilk):
ALRAM-STERN, E., 2014. Times of Change: Greece and the Aegean during the 4th Millennium BC, in: B. Horejs, M. Mehofer (ed.), Western Anatolia before Troy. Proto-Urbanisation in the 4th Millennium BC. Proceedings of the International Symposium, KHM, Vienna, Austria, 21-24 November 2012 (ÖAW Verlag, Vienna), pp. 305-338.
ALRAM-STERN, E., 1996. Die Ägäische Frühzeit. Band 1: Das Neolithikum in Griechenland. Veröffentlichungen der Mykenischen Kommission 16.
ALRAM-STERN, E., unpublished. Die Ägäische Frühzeit. Band 2: Ägäische Frühzeit: Das Neolithische Und Vorpalatiale Kreta.
GALLIS, K., 1992. Atlas Proistorikón Oikismón Tés Anatolikés Thessalikés Pediada.
MEHOFER, M. 2014. Metallurgy during the Chalcolithic and the Beginning of the Early Bronze Age in Western Anatolia, in: B. Horejs, M. Mehofer (ed.), Western Anatolia before Troy. Proto-Urbanisation in the 4th Millennium BC. Proceedings of the International Symposium, KHM, Vienna, Austria, 21-24 November 2012 (ÖAW Verlag, Vienna), pp. 463-490.
ÖZDOĞAN, M.; BAŞGELEN, N.; KUNIHOLM, P. (ed.), The Neolithic in Turkey. New Excavations & New Research. Volume 1 - The Tigris Basin, 2011, Istanbul.
ÖZDOĞAN, M.; BAŞGELEN, N.; KUNIHOLM, P. (ed.), The Neolithic in Turkey. New Excavations & New Research. Volume 2 - The Euphrates Basin, 2011, Istanbul.
ÖZDOĞAN, M.; BAŞGELEN, N.; KUNIHOLM, P. (ed.), The Neolithic in Turkey. New Excavations & New Research. Volume 3 – Central Turkey, 2012, Istanbul.
ÖZDOĞAN, M.; BAŞGELEN, N.; KUNIHOLM, P. (ed.), The Neolithic in Turkey. New Excavations & New Research. Volume 4 – Western Turkey, 2012, Istanbul.
SCHACHERMEYR, F. (†), 1991. Sammlung Fritz Schachermeyr: Die neolithische Keramik Thessaliens. Aus dem Nachlass bearbeitet von Eva Alram-Stern. Veröffentlichungen der Mykenischen Kommission 13.
SCHWALL, Ch, 2016. Çukuriçi Höyük 2. Das 5. und 4. Jahrtausend v. Chr. in Westanatolien und der Ostägäis. PhD thesis.
Additionally, 3D models of 90 representative sherds from the Schachermeyr pottery collection were 3D digitised with a Breuckmann smart Scan. The 3D models and their metadata were linked to the database and integrated into the DEFC homepage using 3DHOP (see the publication list).

Creating the DEFC app, the following data standards and tools were used:
Django framework was used to create the database itself, source code available at https://github.com/acdh-oeaw/defc-app
The database has been mapped to the CIDOC CRM, and the SPARQL query was made available on the DEFC app homepage. The mapping, documentation and exported RDFs are available in this collection.
The thesaurus was mapped to SKOS and is available in this collection and at https://vocabs.acdh.oeaw.ac.at/defc_thesaurus
Geolocations of archaeological sites were linked to Geonames (http://www.geonames.org)
Bibliographic units were entered in a Zotero database. The bibliography is available in this collection and at https://www.zotero.org/defc-orea-oeaw
Chronological periods were entered into the PeriodO gazetteer of period definitions (DEFC Collection available at http://n2t.net/ark:/99152/p0qv6m8).

The Digitizing Early Farming Cultures (DEFC) project was a project of the first generation of the Austrian go! digital projects (ACDH 2014/22). It received additional funding from the EU infrastructure project ARIADNE (FP7-INFRASTRUCTURES-2012-1-313193).
acdh:hasFunder
acdh:hasHosting
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CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0) Public Domain Dedication 2195
Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) 439
acdh:hasLicensor
acdh:hasMetadataCreator
acdh:hasNonLinkedIdentifier
BMWFW – ÖAW/ACDH go!digital: Antrag ACDH 2014/22 , FP7-INFRASTRUCTURES:2012-1-313193
acdh:hasNumberOfItems
2653
acdh:hasOaiSet
acdh:hasOwner
acdh:hasPid
https://hdl.handle.net/21.11115/0000-000D-3979-C
acdh:hasPrincipalInvestigator
acdh:hasRelatedDiscipline
acdh:hasRightsHolder
acdh:hasSpatialCoverage
acdh:hasSubject
archaeological database , botany , Bronze Age sites , cave , cemetery , Chalcholithic sites , data integration , digitisation , grave , linked open data , lithics , Neolithic Greece and Anatolia , Neolithic pottery , Neolithic sites , online site database , pottery , quarry , rockshelter , settlement , site and monument , small finds , thesaurus
acdh:hasTechnicalInfo
https://github.com/acdh-oeaw/defc-app
acdh:hasTemporalCoverage
Bronze Age , Chalcolithic , Neolithic
acdh:hasTemporalCoverageIdentifier
acdh:hasTitle
Digitizing Early Farming Cultures (DEFC)
acdh:hasUpdatedDate
2022-08-18T09:12:21.052498
acdh:hasUpdatedRole
sstuhec
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rdf:type
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Summary

info_outline Related Discipline(s): Archaeology , Digital humanities
info_outline Subject(s): archaeological database , botany , Bronze Age sites , cave , cemetery , Chalcholithic sites , data integration , digitisation , grave , linked open data , lithics , Neolithic Greece and Anatolia , Neolithic pottery , Neolithic sites , online site database , pottery , quarry , rockshelter , settlement , site and monument , small finds , thesaurus
info_outline Coverage Start Date: -10200-01-01
info_outline Coverage End Date: -1900
info_outline Description: The Digitizing Early Farming Cultures (DEFC) collection includes data gathered within the identically named project that ran between 2014 and 2017 at the former Institute for Oriental and European Archaeology (OREA) in close collaboration with the Austrian Centre for Digital Humanities and Cultural Heritage (ACDH-CH) at the Austrian Academy of Sciences (ÖAW).

The project focused on data about Neolithic sites and finds from Greece and Anatolia, most resulting from projects of the Aegean Anatolian Prehistoric Phenomena (AAPP) research group (at OREA). The aim of the project was to enable research across the whole region and to overcome the issue of fragmentation of knowledge through differing terminology, chronologies, and typologies whilst complying with standards of data interoperability and data sharing. To achieve this, an online Django-based database was created – the DEFC App. The DEFC collection in ARCHE contains data of the DEFC app (an SQL database dump, 3D models with provenance metadata, CIDOC CRM mappings, maps and chronological tables, the project thesaurus and the bibliography) as well as DEFC project documentation (workflow description and reports).

The SQL database includes data from the following publications (data entry in 2016 and 2017 by M. Brzakovic, Th. Rinner, D. Bochatz, Sh. Schilk):
ALRAM-STERN, E., 2014. Times of Change: Greece and the Aegean during the 4th Millennium BC, in: B. Horejs, M. Mehofer (ed.), Western Anatolia before Troy. Proto-Urbanisation in the 4th Millennium BC. Proceedings of the International Symposium, KHM, Vienna, Austria, 21-24 November 2012 (ÖAW Verlag, Vienna), pp. 305-338.
ALRAM-STERN, E., 1996. Die Ägäische Frühzeit. Band 1: Das Neolithikum in Griechenland. Veröffentlichungen der Mykenischen Kommission 16.
ALRAM-STERN, E., unpublished. Die Ägäische Frühzeit. Band 2: Ägäische Frühzeit: Das Neolithische Und Vorpalatiale Kreta.
GALLIS, K., 1992. Atlas Proistorikón Oikismón Tés Anatolikés Thessalikés Pediada.
MEHOFER, M. 2014. Metallurgy during the Chalcolithic and the Beginning of the Early Bronze Age in Western Anatolia, in: B. Horejs, M. Mehofer (ed.), Western Anatolia before Troy. Proto-Urbanisation in the 4th Millennium BC. Proceedings of the International Symposium, KHM, Vienna, Austria, 21-24 November 2012 (ÖAW Verlag, Vienna), pp. 463-490.
ÖZDOĞAN, M.; BAŞGELEN, N.; KUNIHOLM, P. (ed.), The Neolithic in Turkey. New Excavations & New Research. Volume 1 - The Tigris Basin, 2011, Istanbul.
ÖZDOĞAN, M.; BAŞGELEN, N.; KUNIHOLM, P. (ed.), The Neolithic in Turkey. New Excavations & New Research. Volume 2 - The Euphrates Basin, 2011, Istanbul.
ÖZDOĞAN, M.; BAŞGELEN, N.; KUNIHOLM, P. (ed.), The Neolithic in Turkey. New Excavations & New Research. Volume 3 – Central Turkey, 2012, Istanbul.
ÖZDOĞAN, M.; BAŞGELEN, N.; KUNIHOLM, P. (ed.), The Neolithic in Turkey. New Excavations & New Research. Volume 4 – Western Turkey, 2012, Istanbul.
SCHACHERMEYR, F. (†), 1991. Sammlung Fritz Schachermeyr: Die neolithische Keramik Thessaliens. Aus dem Nachlass bearbeitet von Eva Alram-Stern. Veröffentlichungen der Mykenischen Kommission 13.
SCHWALL, Ch, 2016. Çukuriçi Höyük 2. Das 5. und 4. Jahrtausend v. Chr. in Westanatolien und der Ostägäis. PhD thesis.
Additionally, 3D models of 90 representative sherds from the Schachermeyr pottery collection were 3D digitised with a Breuckmann smart Scan. The 3D models and their metadata were linked to the database and integrated into the DEFC homepage using 3DHOP (see the publication list).

Creating the DEFC app, the following data standards and tools were used:
Django framework was used to create the database itself, source code available at https://github.com/acdh-oeaw/defc-app
The database has been mapped to the CIDOC CRM, and the SPARQL query was made available on the DEFC app homepage. The mapping, documentation and exported RDFs are available in this collection.
The thesaurus was mapped to SKOS and is available in this collection and at https://vocabs.acdh.oeaw.ac.at/defc_thesaurus
Geolocations of archaeological sites were linked to Geonames (http://www.geonames.org)
Bibliographic units were entered in a Zotero database. The bibliography is available in this collection and at https://www.zotero.org/defc-orea-oeaw
Chronological periods were entered into the PeriodO gazetteer of period definitions (DEFC Collection available at http://n2t.net/ark:/99152/p0qv6m8).

The Digitizing Early Farming Cultures (DEFC) project was a project of the first generation of the Austrian go! digital projects (ACDH 2014/22). It received additional funding from the EU infrastructure project ARIADNE (FP7-INFRASTRUCTURES-2012-1-313193).

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Type: acdh:Collection
today Available Date: 19 Jul 2022
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info The chronology data underlying the DEFC App. It consists of a table and an illustration of the chronology. The DEFC chronology collection has the PeriodO identifier: http://n2t.net/ark:/99152/p0qv6m8. The creation of the DEFC chronology is described in the blog post: `DEFC chronology and PeriodO´ by Seta Štuhec, May 2019. The blog post can be found in the folder `ProjectDocumentation\Blog_BuildingTheDEFC-App´.
Type: acdh:Collection
today Available Date: 19 Jul 2022
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info This collection consists of resources created when mapping the DEFC database to the CIDOC CRM. The collection consists of mapping documentation, mapping models and created .ttl data files.
The folder Documentation_Schema includes detailed information about how the DEFC database was mapped to CIDOC CRM ontology; the version of CIDOC CRM used, which CIDOC CRM classes correspond to which database fields, and the reasons for the decisions taken during the mapping.
The folder R2RMLmodels includes the .ttl files of the mapping models created by the mapping tool KARMA. For each table of the DEFC database, a separate .ttl file was created including information on mapping the table fields to CIDOC CRM ontology.
The RDF folder consists of DEFC data structured according to the CIDOC CRM ontology. One .ttl file per table of the DEFC database was created.

The mapping of DEFC data to the CIDOC CRM is described in detail in the blog post `CIDOC CRM mapping´ by Seta Štuhec, Ksenia Zaytseva and Edeltraud Aspöck from October 2017. The blog post can be found in the folder `ProjectDocumentation\Blog_BuildingTheDEFC-App´.
Type: acdh:Collection
today Available Date: 19 Jul 2022
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info The DEFC app database collection contains documentation (data model and user manual) and the DEFCapp_database sql dump as well as separate CSV tables. The DEFC App field descriptions are documented in the DEFC app user manual.
Type: acdh:Resource
today Available Date: 19 Jul 2022
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info Literature collection by AAPP research group about Neolithic and Bronze Age archaeology in Greece and Anatolia.
Type: acdh:Collection
today Available Date: 19 Jul 2022
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info The DEFC dissemination collection contains a selection of conference presentations and the DEFC logo.
Type: acdh:Collection
today Available Date: 19 Jul 2022
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info DEFC maps illustrate the different regions that were distinguished in DEFC data.
Type: acdh:Collection
today Available Date: 19 Jul 2022
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info The DEFC pottery 3D models collection contains archaeological metadata, provenance metadata and the 3D data. Archaeological metadata contains information about the provenance, ware, form, surface treatment, decoration and parallels of the pottery sherds. Provenance metadata describe the creation process of 3D models.
Type: acdh:Collection
today Available Date: 19 Jul 2022
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info DEFC project documentation. The collection consists of the DEFC project proposal, the final report, the final project review by an anonymous reviewer and the blog post entries about the workflow of building the DEFC-App.
Type: acdh:Collection
today Available Date: 19 Jul 2022
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info Resources from creation of the DEFC thesaurus. The collection consists of the DEFC thesaurus wordlist and the DEFC thesaurus rdf file. The creation of the DEFC thesaurus is described in the blog post `Building the DEFC thesaurus´ by Seta Stuhec, Ksenia Zaytseva and Edeltraud Aspöck from October 2017. The blog post can be found in the folder `ProjectDocumentation\Blog_WorkflowEntries´.
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